ICAO/AMCP 7 paper (2) presented by Russia

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Montreal, 22-30 March, 2000


Agenda Item 2: Development and validation of draft SARPs for the VDL Mode 4 system, including the manual on technical details and the implementation manual



(Presented by V. Bondarenko, the Russian Member) 


  2. One of the main peculiarities of Russia lies in its fast territories and great length of international flight routes. Russian airspace covers 25 million square kilometers with 17 million kilometers of the continental part and 8 million kilometers of oceanic airspace. Since traditional means of communication, navigation and surveillance used in Russian ATM system have certain essential shortcomings due to the limited area of activity and impossibility to create seamless radio communication, radio navigation and radar fields, especially in difficult to access regions, it is planned to perform the transition to the advanced CNS/ATM systems according to ICAO recommendations. In particular, it is planned to create an automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS-B) system based on VDL Mode 4 which at present is developing dynamically as one of components of the global plan of CNS/ATM implementation adopted by ICAO.

    1. Background
    2. In January 1998 Federal Service of Air Transport (FSAT) of Russia, State Corporation of ATM of Russia, GosNII "Aeronavigatsia" and GosNII of Aviation Systems have taken a joint decision "On the organization of experimental works in the promotion of VDL Mode 4 for the sake of ADS-Broadcast and other applications for ATC", where a VHF data link is considered as providing the most expedient way of the transition to the future ATM system in Russia.

      In October 1999 FSAT signed an order "On the creation and implementation of the automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast system into the civil aviation of Russia", which specifies the 1st of October 2005 as the start of the application of the automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast for Russian civil aviation as a means for air traffic control.

      To perform the order a number of projects for local realization of ADS-B was prepared.

    3. Tyumen project
    4. The next two years will be dedicated to the project of the experimental operation of ADS-B for surveillance and air traffic control both en-route and in the terminal area. This work is based on the regional state enterprise for the use of airspace and air traffic control "Tyumenaerocontrol". The project is aimed to validate the advantages of ADS-B application in ATM and airlines which have equipped their aircraft with these devices.

      Given project plans to carry out the validation of the ATC technology and working procedures for aircrews using ADS-B and to work through the procedures of the equipment certification.

      Important part of the project belongs to the validation of ADS-B application for the support of flights without radar field of surveillance.

    5. Realization of the A-SMGCS (automated surface movement guidance and
    6. control system)

      In 1999 airport Domodedovo (Moscow) put into operation the system of surface movement guidance and control aimed to coordinate the work of vehicles for the servicing of aircraft.

      The automated system controls the location and status of vehicles and transmits commands to drivers. Data acquired on indicators of the vehicles is processed in the system and transferred to the operator. At the same time airport data base sends information of the expected time of departure and arrival of aircraft, places of parking that is used, stored and then analyzed in order to increase the efficiency of transportation services.

      2000 will see the integration of the system into the automated surface movement guidance and control system that is being developed now. This system is expected for deployment in Domodedovo and Kurumoch (Samara) airports in parallel with equipping of aircraft of some airlines with on-board ADS-B devices.

    7. Other projects
      1. ATC in Moscow (over the city) airspace. Moscow government studies the funding of the project of ATC system in Moscow airspace on altitudes lower than the low FL with ADS-B used to monitor the environment. Duly navigation and communication equipment (VDL Mode 4) is planned for installation on all aircraft performing special flights in Moscow airspace (ambulance, helicopters of the Ministry of Extreme Situations, State Road Safety Inspection and so on). In future ADS-B is expected for use in commercial flights of aircraft in Moscow airspace.
      2. At present JV Gasprom studies the possibility to equip part of its aircraft with VDL Mode 4 transponders as well as by GPS/GLONASS apparatus for the realization of its communication, navigation and surveillance functions in the works concerning the development of oil-and-gas deposits in the Arctic shelves.
      3. Application of ADS-B systems at international air routes. At present there is conducted the feasibility study of the project concerning the equipping of some international air routes (crosspolar and ARCTIC 1,2, for example) by the advanced CS/ATM devices. The possibility to use ADS-B based on VDL Mode 4 is also studied.

    2.4.4. Creation of a ground network for ADS-B implementation. Local ground stations deployed at the first stage will then be united into a communication network. Ground ADS-B stations installed in Moscow, St.-Petersburg and Riga will later on provide the merging of both Russian and North European ADS-B networks for the integration and harmonization into future air navigation system.

  5. Russian FSAT is deeply concerned by the absence of SARPs for VDL Mode 4 adopted by the ANC and consequently by the risk of realization of incompatible components of the future global CNS/ATM system.


The experts’ group is proposed:

    1. To take into consideration given information on the situation and plans of Russia concerning realization of ADS-B based on VDL Mode 4.
    2. To recommend to the ANC to approve SARPs and Manual on Detailed Technical Specification for VDL Mode 4.

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Last update: april 01, 2000.

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